PROVINCES OF THE PHILIPPINES
The Philippines is divided into administrative and political divisions known as provinces or they are the Provinces of the Philippines. Each province is headed by a governor who administers the different local government units. These provinces are subdivided into cities and municipalities. Currently, there are 80 provinces which are further clustered into regions, primarily based on their geographic locations.
You will find below the different provinces including Metro Manila, listed alphabetically, with their capital and a brief description. Here is the list of the Provinces of the Philippines. I hope you will find it useful.
The largest province in the region, Abra is located in the western portion of the Cordillera region in Luzon. Blessed with pristine nature, it is isolated from the big urban cities. Majority of the people are Ilocanos.
AGUSAN DEL NORTE
As part of the Caraga region in Mindanao, it is the second smallest province in the said region. It is a predominantly agricultural province, and is the leading producer of rice in the country.
AGUSAN DEL SUR
This landlocked province is part of the Caraga region in Mindanao. Majority of the people are engaged in agriculture and forestry with rice, fruits and corn as its major crops.
Home to the famous Boracay beach, it is the oldest province in the Philippines. It is located in the western part of the Visayas. It hosts the annual Ati-Atihan festival, the “Queen of Philippine Festivals”.
This province is located in the southeastern part of Luzon in the Bicol region. The most popular landmark of the province is the world famous Mayon Volcano, known for its near-perfect cone.
A province in Western Visayas, this province boasts of historical landmarks and natural beauty. The major livelihood is fishing, and the province is also known for its weavers, who are the best throughout the whole Visayas region.
Capital: San Jose
This province is part of the Cordillera region in Luzon. It is rich in natural resources, with more than half of its land covered in forests. Majority of the population are Ilocanos, and the people from the Isneg and Itawit tribes.
Facing the Philippine Sea, this province is located in the Central Luzon region. Majority of the population live in rural areas, with agriculture being its leading industry.
This province is the largest in the whole Sulu archipelago in the island of Mindanao. The population belongs to three ethnic groups: the predominantly Muslim Yakans and Tausugs, and the Chavacanos who are mainly Christians.
Predominantly covered with hills and mountains, Bataan is located in the Central Luzon Region. This province is the site of famous historical events like the Bataan Death March and the Battle of Bataan.
This island-province is located in the northernmost part of the country, and is the smallest with a land area of only 230 square kilometers. Considered the northernmost frontier, it is frequently battered by typhoons. It is inhabited by people called the Ivatans, who trace their roots to immigrants from Spain and Taiwan who first set foot in the island.
The province of Batangas is located in the southwestern part of Luzon. With its proximity to Metro Manila, it is a popular tourist destination for folks who want to leave the noise of the big city with its beautiful beaches and diving spots.
Capital: Batangas City
Calling itself the “Salad Bowl of the Philippines”, Benguet is in the Cordillera region in Luzon. It is inhabited by several ethnic groups, with the Igorots being the predominant one. Part of the province is Baguio City, the summer capital of the country because of its cold climate.
Capital: La Trinidad
This island-province, located in Eastern Visayas, is one of the smallest provinces in the country. It is also one of the newest having only been granted province status in 1992.
Bohol consists of the main island and 75 other surrounding islands in the Visayas. This province is a popular tourist destination with its pristine beaches and diving sites. It is also where you can find the famous Chocolate Hills and the tarsier, the smallest monkey in the world.
The only province in Mindanao without a coastline, this province is located in Central Mindanao. It is considered to be the “Food Basket of Mindanao” because it produces corn, rice, pineapple, sugarcane and bananas which supplies the whole region.
Bulacan is a province rich in cultural and historical heritage. It is located in Central Luzon. It prides itself of being one of the most progressive provinces in the country owing to its highly industrious and educated people.
Cagayan is located in the northeastern part of Luzon. Being blessed with nature’s bounty, it is now being promoted as an adventure and eco-tourism place with its beautiful beaches, caves and mountains.
…. Provinces of the Philippines continued
This province is situated in the Bicol Region in Luzon. It is known as the “Gateway to Bicolandia”. Its major industry is mining, particularly iron ore and gold.
Camarines Sur is the largest province in the Bicol Region in Luzon. It boasts of several tourist attractions, specifically the white sand beaches. It also prides itself of being one of the top tourist destinations in the country.
Camiguin is an island-province which can be found off the coast of Northern Mindanao. It comes after Batanes in being the smallest province in terms of land area and population. It is known for growing the sweetest lanzones in the world. This tropical fruit is honored in the province’s annual Lanzones Festival.
Known as the “Seafood Capital of the Philippines”, Capiz has a very rich fishing ground due to its vast coastline. Located in Western Visayas, it is also known for the capiz shells, a mother-of-pearl shell that is used for decorations and household items.
Situated in the eastern part of Luzon, Catanduanes is the smallest in the Bicol Region. This province is predominantly agricultural due to its terrain and geography. It has earned the title “The Land of the Howling Winds” because it is in the path of typhoons.
Located in the Southern part of Luzon, this province is known as the “Historical Capital of the Philippines”. It is the place where the country declared its independence from Spain, and where the Philippine revolution started.
Cebu is one of the most progressive and developed provinces in the country. Situated in Central Visayas, with 167 surrounding islands, it is the center of trade in that part of the country. It is also rich in history and cultural heritage, and is one of the top tourist destinations in the country.
Capital: Cebu City
Compostela Valley, or also known as Comval, is located at the southeastern part of Mindanao. It broke off from Davao del Norte, and become a separate province in 1998. The main products they produce are rice and corn.
This province is located in the central part of Mindanao, and is the biggest in terms of land area in the region. With the majority of its people living in the rural areas, it prides itself of its people as its most important asset.
DAVAO DEL NORTE
Davao del Norte is located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. It is dubbed as the “Banana Capital of the Philippines” for its banana production, and is primarily an agricultural province.
DAVAO DEL SUR
Davao del Sur is situated in southeastern part of Mindanao. Mt. Apo, the country’s highest peak, dominates the western part of the province. With coconut being its major crop, Davao del Sur is known as “Coconut Country”.
The easternmost province of the Philippines is Davao Oriental, with Pusan Point as the easternmost tip. Being close to the other Southeast Asian countries, it conducts trade and business with Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei and Singapore. This province is also the country’s largest producer of copra (dried coconut meat).
The country’s newest province is located in the northeast part of Mindanao. It was only in 2012 that Dinagat Islands was declared to be an independent province from Surigao del Norte. Its main island and islets are haven for adventurers with its rock formations, caves, waterfalls and mountain lakes.
Capital: San Jose
Eastern Samar is located in the Eastern Visayas Region. History was made in the island of Homonhon when Ferdinand Magellan first set foot in the country on March 16, 1521. It lead to his discovery of the Philippines.
Located in the Western Visayas Region, Guimaras used to be a part of Iloilo. It became a separate province on 1992. This province is widely known for producing the sweetest mangoes in the world. There is an estimated 50,000 mango trees in the whole province.
This landlocked province in Luzon is characterized by forests and rugged terrains. Its most famous tourist attractions are the majestic rice terraces which have been declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is a predominantly an agricultural province with rice as its main crop.
Ilocos Norte is situated northwest of the island of Luzon. The province’s source of pride are their pristine beaches and beach resorts owing to its proximity to the South China Sea.
Located along the western coast of Northern Luzon is the province of Ilocos Sur. Its economy is agrarian in nature with rice, tobacco, corn and fruit trees as its major crops.
The province of Iloilo can be found along the southern and northeastern portion of Panay Island in the Visayas, and is the gateway to the southern part of the country. Due to its high rice production, it is known as the “Food Basket and Rice Granary of Western Visayas.” It has also one of the biggest fishing grounds in the country.
Capital: Iloilo City
Isabela province is located in the Cagayan Valley Region in Luzon. In terms of land area, it is the second largest province in the country, and the largest in Luzon. This province supplies much of the demand for rice and corn in Luzon.
Located in the Cordillera Region in Luzon is the province of Kalinga. The terrain of the province is characterized as sloping and rugged with mountain peaks. Aside from rice production, the people in the province are also into pottery, basketry, metal works and loom weaving.
Known as the “Surfing Capital of Northern Luzon”, La Union is popular for its beaches that are ideal for this sport. It is also known for producing basi, a locally made wine from fermented sugarcane juice.
Capital: San Fernando
Just 30 kilometers south of Manila is the province of Laguna. This province is rich in history and natural attractions which captivates tourists to its several sites.
Capital: Santa Cruz
LANAO DEL NORTE
Occupying the coastal area of northwestern Mindanao is the province of Lanao del Norte. The province is a big contributor to the development of Mindanao because it supplies power to Mindanao with its hydropower plants.
LANAO DEL SUR
The province of Lanao del Sur is along the western part of Northern Mindanao. Majority of the people belong to the Maranao tribe. Part of the province is Lanao Lake, the largest and deepest lake in the whole of Mindanao.
Part of Eastern Visayas is the province of Leyte. This historical province was the place where Gen. Douglas McArthur landed during WW II to overthrow the Japanese.
Maguindanao is an island in Mindanao and was once a part of the province of Cotabato. The people are called the “People of the Flood Plain” because they live in the low plains and marshes of the river. Dance and music are integral part of their rich culture.
Capital: Shariff Aguak
The province of Marinduque in Luzon is called the “Heart of the Philippines” because of its shape and geographic location. It is known for the popular Moriones Festival or Moryonan to the local folks, which is a religious reenactment.
This island-province is located in the Bicol Region, and lies at the center of the archipelago. Because of its geographic location, Masbate is a melting pot of cultures and dialects with Bikolano being the dominant dialect. In the whole region, this province is the leader in cattle raising.
Capital: Masbate City
…. Provinces of the Philippines continued list
Metro Manila is the center of the political, cultural, economic, social and educational activity in the Philippines. It is composed of the City of Manila, 15 other surrounding cities and one municipality. This largely urban area is the most populous in the whole country with an estimated 12 million inhabitants or around 13% of the national population.
Capital: City of Manila
Located in the island of Mindanao is the province of Misamis Occidental. Because it is enclosed by three bodies of water, the main source of income and industry is fishing, followed by corn and rice production.
The center for trade and development in the northern part of Mindanao is Misamis Oriental. It currently hosts industrial estates and factories which helps further boost the region’s economy. The province is also one of the major coconut producers in the country.
Capital: Cagayan de Oro
The Mountain Province is part of the Cordillera Region in Luzon. It lies in the middle of the country’s highest mountain chain. Aside from agriculture, the economy is dependent on tourism with its natural attractions.
Located on the western side of the Negros Island in the Visayas is Negros Occidental. Sugar is the major product from this province, hence, it is called the “Sugar Bowl of the Philippines”. It supplies more than half of the country’s demand for sugar.
Occupying the southeastern part of Negros Island is Negros Oriental. Canlaon Volcano, the highest peak in the whole of Negros, is found in this province. It also boasts of other tourist attractions, both historical and natural.
Northern Samar is located in the northern part of the island of Samar in the Visayas. The province is surrounded by three bodies of water which makes fishing its major industry.
This province is the largest in the whole of Central Luzon. It is the “Rice Granary of the Philippines”, being the leading rice producer in the country. Aside from rice, it is also the leading onion producer in the whole of Southeast Asia.
Lying within the heart of Northern Luzon is the province of Nueva Vizcaya. It is now considered the “Tilapia Capital of the Philippines” with its abundant production of the said fish.
Located in Luzon and occupying the western side of the island of Mindoro is the province of Occidental Mindoro. It is home of the Mangyan tribe, an indigenous group of people known for their basketry.
On the eastern side of the island of Mindoro lies the province of Oriental Mindoro. This province is heralded as the country’s next eco-tourism attraction with its marine diversity. It also boasts of beautiful beaches and dive sites.
Palawan is the largest province in the country in terms of land area. It is a very popular tourist attraction for both local and foreign travelers. The Puerto Princesa Underground River has recently been named as one of the New Seven Wonders of Nature.
Capital: Puerto Princesa
Located in the central region of Luzon is the province of Pampanga. The Kapampangans, as what the people are called, are known to be excellent cooks and their cuisine is probably the best in the country. For this reason, the province is known to be the “Culinary Capital of the Philippines”.
Capital: San Fernando
Occupying the western portion of the island of Luzon is Pangasinan, the third largest province in the country. This gateway to Northern Luzon is known for its white sand beaches and the annual Bangus Festival.
Home to the renowned Mt. Banahaw, a holy mountain, is the province of Quezon. It was named after the 2nd president, Manuel Quezon. It is located southeast of Metro Manila, and is the 8th largest province in terms of land area. Its major industry is coconut production as well as coconut products like copra and oil.
Named after Elpidio Quirino, the 6th President, and lying on the southeastern part of the Cagayan Valley in Luzon is the province of Quirino. This province is very mountainous with about 80% of its land area covered by highlands and mountains.
The province of Rizal is named after Jose Rizal, the national hero. It is located east of Metro Manila. Tourists flock to this province because of its natural and religious attractions.
Part of the Southern Tagalog Region in Luzon is the province of Romblon. It is composed of twenty islands along the Sibuyan Sea. Being the “Marble Capital of the Philippines”, it is known for the marble that shares its name with the province.
The island-province of Samar is located on the eastern part of the country in the Visayas. The people in the province are called Warays. Farming and fishing are the major industries in the province.
Sarangani province occupies the southernmost part of the island of Mindanao. The popular Sarangani Bay, a long stretch of coastline covered with white sand, is a popular diving and sports fishing spot, and a major tourist attraction.
The island-province of Siquijor is part of the Central Visayas Region. It is the third smallest province in the country in terms of land area and population. The island’s mystic traditions are what lure tourists to this mysterious island.
Occupying the southern tip of the island of Luzon is the province of Sorsogon. The active volcano Mt. Bulusan is the highest peak in the whole province. Its major industries are farming and fishing.
Capital: Sorsogon City
South Cotabato is the province located at the southernmost part of the island of Mindanao. This province is home to the Maguindanao tribe as well as the T’boli and B’laan. The rich culture and heritage of these indigenous tribes, with their music, costumes, beadwork and brasswork, adds to the beauty and uniqueness of South Cotabato.
The province of Southern Leyte is part of the Eastern Visayas Region. The historic island of Limasawa is located at the southern part of the province. It is known to be the birthplace of Christianity in the country because it is where the first mass was held. The province’s major contribution to the country is abaca fiber.
Occupying the southwestern part of Mindanao is the province of Sultan Kudarat. Due to its geographic location, it is touted as the possible backdoor of the country to its trade partners in Southeast Asia like Indonesia, Brunei and Malaysia and to distant Australia.
The province of Sulu is situated at the southern part of Mindanao, just between Tawi-tawi and Basilan. This island-province is home to the Sultanate of Sulu, the religious and political leader of the province. The people predominantly belong to the Tausug tribe. With their closeness to the Sulu Sea, fishing is the most important means of livelihood in the province.
SURIGAO DEL NORTE
The second northernmost province in Mindanao is Surigao del Norte. It serves as the transportation center that links Mindanao to Visayas. The people speak a distinct
dialect called Surigaonon.
SURIGAO DEL SUR
Facing the Philippine Sea and situated in the eastern portion of Mindanao is the province of Surigao del Sur. It is blessed with breathtaking scenery with its abundance of natural resources. The Philippine Deep is renowned to be one of the deepest ocean trenches in the whole world.
The province of Tawi-Tawi is a group of islands occupying the southwestern side of the country. It is the gateway towards Sabah, Malaysia. The people in the province belong to the indigenous tribes of Tausug, Samal and Badjao.
Lying on the western portion of Central Luzon is the province of Zambales. Mount Pinatubo, the once dormant volcano which erupted in 1991, is part of this province. The early settlers of Mount Pinatubo were the Aetas who still inhabits the land.
ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE
Zamboanga del Norte lies along the northwestern portion of the Zamboanga Peninsula in the western part of Mindanao. In terms of land area, this province is the largest in the whole region. It is also third in fish production in the whole country.
ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR
The province of Zamboanga del Sur can be found in Western Mindanao along the northwestern side of the Zamboanga Peninsula. This predominantly agricultural province is also home to mining sites for gold, ore and copper.
Located in the Zamboanga Peninsula in Mindanao is the province of Zamboanga Sibugay. It was formerly a part of Zamboanga del Sur but was granted independence in 2001. Since the province could be considered relatively young, it is ready for new investments and business opportunities especially in the agriculture sector.
There you go! the complete list of Provinces of the Philippines
~ an Information Article on the many beautiful Philippine Provinces from iPinoyMarketplace.com.ph
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